The ninth century BC Latin village that has grown into a vast civilization known as Rome continues to inspire and awe generations.
While we take pleasure in enjoying some of the amenities a modern city may offer, it is worthwhile to note that the world is yet to build a bigger sporting arena than Rome’s Circus Maximus which had the five times the capacity of Yankee Stadium. Its Pantheon was the largest concrete domed building for 18 centuries. It was the Roman engineers know how of concrete much similar to modern day cement that helped them to build these marvels. The Trajen’s Market was a shopping mall which was 4 stories tall and hosted 150 shops. One who used to live in high rises that dot the modern city in the present world won’t miss them in ancient Rome as it had more than 40,000 apartment buildings which were up to 5 stories tall. They had running water for who could afford and ‘hypocaust’ was a central heating system that warmed the floors. The city’s postal and daily newspaper services kept the inhabitants informed and connected while the employees of Rome kept the streets clean, manned traffic, managed fire service and funeral directors oversaw the burial of dead outside the city walls.
Water scarcity was never heard of and it had more than 1300 public drinking fountains, 140 toilets, 850 private and 11 public baths with the largest occupying 32 acres of land. The aqueducts brought 200 million gallons of water into the city that served its 1 million inhabitants and filled the Colosseum with water for epic navel battles. 300,000 families benefited from its public welfare system that dispensed free grain and its sewage Cloaca Maxima is still in use in Rome.