Our planet is home to an inexhaustible variety of life-forms. Animals exist in every possible size shape, and color imaginable. While we have always been enthralled by the massiveness of the African elephant or the giant blue whale, the multitude of the tiniest organisms comprising the vibrant fauna of Earth is also amazing.
These little wonders range from a few millimeters to a couple of inches, small enough to fit in tea-cups or perch upon a matchstick. There are a number of species of insanely tiny frogs which compete with one another for the title of the “tiniest”, but the clear winner is Paedophryne amanuensis, only of 8 mm (about half a dime), which is the “world’s smallest vertebrate”. Some of the other smallest frogs are Gold Frog (Brazilian Psyllophryne Didactyla), Eleutherodactylus Iberia, and Costa Rican re-eyed tree frog.
Bee hummingbird, 2 inches long from Cuba, officially the tiniest bird on the planet, is small enough to fit into a tea-cup. “Micro-pigs”, with 9 ounces and an instable appetite are the tinniest pigs and the new sensation of the pet world. Barbados thread snake, only 4 inch long feeds on termites, is the smallest snake. Brookesia micra, native of Madagascar, a little more than half an inch,is the smallest reptile on the planet. The male pea crabs (Pinnothera faba) are the smallest crabs in the world measuring less than one-third of an inch. Pygmy marmoset (Cebuella pygmaea), weighing just over 100g, is the smallest monkey.
These are only a few names on the astounding list of animals who take tiny to a new extreme. Since size is their massive disadvantage, these species have adapted and evolved as the master of camouflage.